Edward Sanderson 李蔼德 (aka escdotdot), is a PhD Candidate at the Academy of Visual Arts, Hong Kong Baptist University.


My thanks go to all the artists who have so generously given me their time during my research. Special thanks to my PhD supervisors Dr. Mak Hoi-shan, Dr. Cédric Maridet, and Professor Leung Mee-ping, all at the Academy of Visual Arts, Hong Kong Baptist University for their invaluable knowable and guidance.

Edward Sanderson recognises the financial support of the Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme, and the Kwok Chung Bo Fun Scholarship.

header images: Some alternative venues
The underpass at Sanyuanqiao in Beijing, location of impromptu performances including Zoomin’ Nights organised by Zhu Wenbo from 2015–2017, and other performances organised by Wang Ziheng from 2017 onwards.
School Bar in Beijing, opened in 2010, originally a punk venue but also hosts experimental music concerts.
fRUITYSPACE in Beijing, DIY performance space, opened in 2016.
Zajia in Beijing, DIY bar and live-house, operating from 2010 to 2015.